O stars

Alternative definitions (1), class: vernacular (0)
Term: O stars

A luminous, hot, blue star whose spectrum is dominated by the lines of hydrogen, atomic helium, and ionized helium; also known as O-type star. This is the earliest spectral type and the only main sequence star in which ionized helium is present. The effective temperatures of these stars range from about 30,000 K to 50,000 K, their luminosities from 50,000 to 1,000,000 times that of solar luminosity, and their masses from about 20 to 100 solar masses. The hottest O-type stars display high ionization emission features such as N III and He II, Of star. They are divided into subtypes O2, the hottest, to O9.7, the coldest. O-type stars are relatively rare, for each star of 100 solar masses there are 10^6 stars of solar mass. They are relatively short-lived since they spend only a few million years on the main sequence. The brightest O-type star in the sky visible with naked eye is Alnitak.

Created 2023.04.16
Last Modified 2023.04.16
Contributed by Ryan McGranaghan