Rough ice

Alternative definitions (1), class: vernacular (0)
Term: Rough ice
Definition: First-year ice subjected to fracturing and hummocking at the stage of young ice, that has formed as a result of the freezing together of pancake ice or of fragments of fresh ridges that have collapsed into fractures after the end of compaction and the onset of ice divergance. The irregularities cover significant areas where snow accumulation increases and the heat conductivity and the tangential stress coefficient significantly change. During a radar sounding, segments of rough ice are depicted by increased brightness with ice ridges being indiscernible. As a result of further growth, the irregularities at the bottom surface of rough ice are usually completely smoothed by the end of winter and the ice thickness becomes approximately equal to that of ice of the same age of quiet growth. During the period of summer melting, all small irregularities at the surface of ice fields are smoothed; hence this type of relief is typical only of first-year ice.
Created 2022.03.08
Last Modified 2023.03.27
Contributed by GCW Glossary